THE INDIAN CHARKHA SPINNING WHEEL


  • The Mahatma Gandhiji Charkha or the spinning wheel not only is an instrument of self-reliance and empowerment in this small hamlet but has literally become a beacon of light in the life of the villagers.
  • Ever since the Amber charkha was introduced by Ekambernath of Tamil Nadu in 1954 on the call of Gandhiji, it has undergone many transformations and the e-charkha, which has the facility to produce, electricity, is the latest in this series..


  • The tabletop or floor charkha is one of the oldest known forms of the spinning wheel. The charkha works similarly to the great wheel, with a drive wheel being turned by hand, while the yarn is spun off the tip of the spindle. The floor charkha and the great wheel closely resemble each other. With both, the spinning must stop in order to wind the yarn onto the spindle.
  • The charkha (etymologically related to Chakra) was both a tool and a symbol of the Indian independence movement. The charkha, a small, portable, hand-cranked wheel, is ideal for spinning cotton and other fine, short-staple fibers, though it can be used to spin other fibers as well. The size varies, from that of a hardbound novel to the size of a briefcase, to a floor charkha. Mahatma Gandhi brought the charkha into larger use with his teachings. He hoped the charkha would assist the peoples of India achieve self-sufficiency and independence, and so used the charkha as a symbol of the Indian independence movement and included it on earlier versions of the Flag of India.

Why did gandhiji start the charkha movement


The Khadi movement aimed at boycotting foreign goods and promoting Indian goods, thereby improving India's economy.
Mahatma Gandhi began promoting the spinning of khādī for rural self-employment Read more...